Eagles and their types

The eagle is a large bird of prey, It is one of the largest and powerful birds in the world. Eagles prefer to live in a large, open areas near lakes, rivers, shorelines or other sources of open water where they can easily find prey. They also live on mountain cliffs and on grounds.

Eagles differ from many other birds of prey mainly by their larger size, more powerful build, and heavier head and beak. Eagles have very large hooked beaks for tearing flesh from their prey, strong muscular legs, and powerful claws. Their large head is covered with feathers.Eagle have broad, long wings and tails and long strong, and stiff feathers. There are many species of eagles, most eagles are dark brown or black, but some have white areas on their body.

Eagles hunt their prey by using their strong beak and claws. They also have extremely keen eyesight which enables them to spot potential prey from a very long distance.This keen eyesight is primarily contributed by their extremely large pupils.

Eagles are carnivores. they hunt only during the day. Some eagles who lives in jungles eat monkeys and sloths, the eagles living in desert feed on snakes and lizards.

Eagles stay in nests known as eyries or aeries; these are usually make of sticks and decorated with fresh green leaves.

Below are listed few types of eagles
 

Bald Eagle

It is the national bird and symbol of the United States of America. The bald eagle is a large white-headed bird. It is known as "bald" because of white feathers on its head. Its range includes most of Canada and Alaska, all of the contiguous United States, and northern Mexico.

Bald eagle have bodies covered with brown feathers and a large, yellow, large and hooked bill with a white head and tail.

The Bald Eagle is a large bird, with a body length of 70–102 centimeters, a wingspan of between 1.68 mand 2.44 m, and a mass of 2.5–7 kilograms

The average lifespan of Bald Eagles in the wild is around 20 years, with the oldest living to be about 30.
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Golden Eagle

The golden eagle is a dark brown bird. It is very powerful and is the largest bird of prey in Northe America. Golden Eagles get their names from the patch of golden- brown feathers on the back of their neck. Young golden eagles have white patches on their wings and tail.

Golden Eagles use their agility and speed combined with extremely powerful talons to snatch up prey including rabbits, marmots, ground squirrels, and large mammals such as foxes, wild and domestic cats, mountain goats, ibex, and young deer. Golden eagles can be found across Europe, Asia, North America and North Africa.

The Golden Eagle is a large, dark brown raptor with broad wings. Its size is variable: it ranges from 70 to 85 centimetres in length, has a wingspan of 185 to 220 centimetres, and weighs 3 to 6 kilograms .
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The Golden Eagle is the eighth-most common bird depicted on postage stamps with 155 stamps issued by 71 stamp-issuing entities.
 

Black Eagle

The Black Eagle is a bird of prey. They soar over forests in the hilly regions of tropical Asia and hunt mammals and birds, particularly at their nests.

They are easily identified by their widely splayed and long primary "fingers", the characteristic silhouette, slow flight and yellow ceres and legs that contrast with their dark feathers.

The Black Eagle is a large raptor at about 70–80 cm in length.

The Black Eagle eats mammals, birds and eggs. It is a prolific nest-predator and is known for its slow flight just over the canopy.
Black Eagle
 

African Fish Eagle

The African Fish Eagle is a large species of eagle that is found throughout sub-Saharan Africa wherever large bodies of open water occur that have an abundant food supply.

The African Fish Eagle is a large bird, and the female, at 3.2-3.6 kg is larger than the male, at 2-2.5 kg. Males usually have a wingspan of about 2 m, while females have wingspans of 2.4 m. The body length is 63–75 cm. The adult is very distinctive in appearance with a mostly brown body and large, powerful, black wings. The head, breast, and tail of African Fish Eagles are snow white, with the exception of the featherless face, which is yellow. The eyes are dark brown in colour. The hook-shaped beak, ideal for a carnivorous lifestyle, is yellow with a black tip.

It is the national bird of Zimbabwe and Zambia.
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The African Fish Eagle feeds mainly on fish, which, upon spotting a potential prey item from a perch in a tree, it will swoop down upon and snatch the prey from the water with its large clawed talons.
 

White-Bellied Sea Eagle

 

The White-Bellied Sea Eagle is also known as the White-Breasted Sea Eagle. A distinctive bird, the adult White-bellied Sea Eagle has a white head, breast, under-wing coverts and tail. The upper parts are grey and the black under-wing flight feathers contrast with the white coverts.

Males are 70–80 cm long and weigh 1.8–3 kg. Females are slightly larger, at 80–90 cmand 2.5–4.5 kg . The wingspan ranges from 1.8 to 2.2 m and weigh 4.5 kg.

The White-bellied Sea Eagle may also dive at a 45 degree angle from its perch and briefly submerge to catch fish near the water surface

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Resident from India and Sri Lanka through southeast Asia to Australia on coasts and major waterways, the White-bellied Sea Eagle breeds and hunts near water, and fish form around half of its diet.
 

Short-Toed Snake Eagle

 

The Short-Toed Snake Eagle species spread throughout the Mediterranean basin and into Russia and the Middle East, and into parts of Asia, mainly in the Indian Subcontinent and also further east in some Indonesian islands. The Short-toed Snake Eagle is found in open cultivated plains, arid stony deciduous scrub areas and foothills and semi-desert areas.

Adults are 63–68 cm long with an 185–195 cm wingspan and weigh 1.7-1.9 kg. They can be recognised in the field by their predominantly white underside, the upper parts being greyish brown. The chin, throat and upper breast are a pale, earthy brown. The tail has 3 or 4 bars.

Its prey is mostly reptiles, mainly snakes, but also some lizards.
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Sometimes they entangle with larger snakes and battle on the ground.Occasionally small mammals to the size of a rabbit; rarely birds and large insects.
 
 
Brown Snake Eagle
Black Cheasted Snake Eagle
Booted Eagle
Brown Snake Eagle
Black-chested Snake Eagle
Booted Eagle
 
Spanish Imperial Eagle
Eastern Imperial Eagle
Tawny Eagle
Spanish Imperial Eagle
Eastern Imperial Eagle
Tawny Eagle
 
Steppe Eagle
Indian Spotted Eagle
Wahlberg's Eagle
Steppe Eagle
Indian Spotted Eagle
Wahlberg's Eagle
 
Pallas's Fish Eagle
White-Tailed Eagle
Grey-Headed Fish Eagle
Pallas's Fish Eagle
White-Tailed Eagle
Grey-Headed Fish Eagle
 
 
 
Birds

Birds that cannot fly
Eagles and their types
Falcons and their types
Owls and their types
Parrots and their types
Pigeons and their types
Eggs & incubation periods of birds
Birds of Amazon Basin

 
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