World Famous Explorers - Ferdinand

Magellan
Ferdinand Magellan was born in the year 1480 at Sabrosa, Kingdom of Portugal.

Ferdinand Magellan was an Portuguese sea explorer who sailed for both Portugal and Spain, because of a dispute with the Portuguese King Manoel II turned him against the Portuguese. Thereafter, he sailed for Spain.
Ferdinand Magellan's expedition of 1519–1522 became the first expedition to sail from the Atlantic Ocean into the Pacific Ocean and the first to cross the Pacific.

Ferdinand Magellan was the first person to lead an expedition to circumnavigate the earth.

Ferdinand Magellan
 
The voyages of Ferdinand Magellan
map


Circumnavigation of the earth
: The voyage started with the fleet provided by King Charles V included five ships
1. The flagship Trinidad commanded by Ferdinand Magellan
2. San Antonio commanded by Juan de Cartagena
3. Concepcion commanded by Gaspar de Quesada
4. Santiago commanded by Juan Serrano and
5. Victoria commanded by Luis Mendoza.

On 10 August 1519, the five ships under Ferdinand Magellan's command – Trinidad, San Antonio, Concepción, Santiago and Victoria – left Seville and descended the Guadalquivir River to Sanlúcar de Barrameda, at the mouth of the river. There they remained more than five weeks. Finally they set sail on 20 September.

After stopping at the Canary Islands, Magellan arrived at Cape Verde, where he set course for Cape St. Augustine in Brazil. On 27 November the expedition crossed the equator; on 6 December the crew sighted South America.

As Brazil was Portuguese territory, Magellan avoided it and on 13 December anchored near present-day Rio de Janeiro. They continued to sail south along South America's east coast, looking for the strait that Magellan believed would lead to the Spice Islands. The fleet reached Río de la Plata on 10 January 1520.

On 30 March the crew established a settlement they called Puerto San Julian in Argentina.

The crew reached the equator on 13 February 1521. On 6 March they reached the Marianas and Guam. On 17 March Magellan reached the island of Homonhon in the Philippines.

On the morning of 27 April 1521, Magellan sailed to Mactan with a small attack force. During the resulting battle against Lapu-Lapu's troops, Magellan was hit by a bamboo spear and later surrounded and finished off with other weapons.

 
 

 

 

 

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