The facts about bee and their types

Bees are flying insects known for their role in pollination and for producing honey and beeswax.

They are found in every habitat on the planet that contains insect-pollinated flowering plants on every continent except Antarctica.

Bees are adapted for feeding on nectar and pollen, nectar primarily as an energy source and pollen primarily for protein and other nutrients. Most pollen is used as food for larvae.

Bees have a complex tongue that enables them to obtain the nectar from flowers.

They have antennae almost universally made up of 13 segments in males and 12 in females.

The smallest bee is Trigona minima, a stingless bee whose workers are about 2.1 mm long.

The largest bee in the world is Megachile pluto also referred to as Wallace's Giant Bee, a leafcutter bee whose females can attain a length of 39 mm.

The only bees that do not use plant products as food are one small subgroup of stingless bees, called "vulture bees" and is specialized to feed on carrion (Carrion refers to the carcass of a dead animal) .

The only bees that do not use plant products as food are one small subgroup of stingless bees, called "vulture bees" and is specialized to feed on carrion (Carrion refers to the carcass of a dead animal) .

A honey bee queen may lay 2000 eggs per day during spring buildup, but she also must lay 1000 to 1500 eggs per day during the foraging season, mostly to replace daily casualties, most of which are workers dying of old age.

Highly eusocial (The highest level of social organization) bees live in colonies. Each colony has a single queen, many workers and, at certain stages in the colony cycle, drones. When humans provide the nest, it is called a hive.

Solitary bees includes familiar species of bee such as the Eastern carpenter bee, alfalfa leafcutter bee, orchard mason bee and the hornfaced bee , they are solitary in the sense that every female is fertile, and typically inhabits a nest she constructs herself. There are no worker bees for these species. Solitary bees typically produce neither honey nor beeswax. Solitary bees are important pollinators, and pollen is gathered for provisioning the nest with food for their brood. Solitary bees create nests in hollow reeds or twigs, holes in wood, or, most commonly, in tunnels in the ground.

Few bees do not construct their own nests. They typically enter the nests of pollen collecting species, and lay their eggs in cells provisioned by the host bee. These bees are called Cleptoparasitic bees, commonly called "cuckoo bees" because their behavior is similar to cuckoo birds. In a few cases where the hosts are social species, the cleptoparasite remains in the host nest and lays many eggs, sometimes even killing the host queen and replacing her.

Some types of bees are listed below.


Bumblebees are social insects that are characterised by black and yellow body hairs, often in bands. However, some species have orange or red on their bodies, or may be entirely black. Another obvious characteristic is the soft nature of the hair, called pile, that covers their entire body, making them appear and feel fuzzy.

Bumble Bee
Bumblebees feed on nectar and gather pollen to feed their young. Bumblebees do not have ears; however, they can feel the vibrations of sounds through nearby materials.

Bumblebees form colonies, which are usually much less extensive than those of honey bees. Bumblebee nests may be found within tunnels in the ground made by other animals. Bumblebees can reach ground speeds of up to 15 metres per second (54 km/h).

Queen and worker bumblebees can sting. Unlike a honey bee's stinger, a bumblebee's stinger lacks barbs, so it can sting repeatedly without injuring itself.

Stingless Bees

Stingless bees, sometimes called stingless honey bees or simply meliponines, are a large group of bees.

The majority of native eusocial bees of Central and South America are stingless bees, although only a few of them produce honey on a scale such that they are farmed by humans.

Stingless bees usually nest in hollow trunks, tree branches, underground cavities, or rock crevices but they have also been encountered in wall cavities, old rubbish bins, water meters, and storage drums.

Stingless Bees
Unlike the larvae of honey bees, meliponine larvae are not fed directly. The pollen and nectar are placed in a cell, an egg is laid, and the cell is sealed until the adult bee emerges after pupation ("mass provisioning"). At any one time, hives can contain 300–80,000 workers, depending on species.

Honey Bees

Honey bees are a subset of bees, primarily distinguished by the production and storage of honey and the construction of perennial, colonial nests out of wax.

Drones the males are produced from unfertilized eggs and therefore represent only the DNA of the queen that laid the eggs, i.e. have only a mother.

Workers and queens (both female) result from fertilized eggs and therefore have both a mother and a father.

A colony generally contains one queen bee, a fertile female; seasonally up to a few thousand drone bees or fertile males; and a large seasonally variable population of sterile female worker bees.

Larvae are initially fed with royal jelly produced by worker bees, later switching to honey and pollen. The exception is a larva fed solely on royal jelly, which will develop into a queen bee.

Honey is the complex substance made when the nectar and sweet deposits from plants and trees are gathered, modified and stored in the honeycomb by honey bees as a food source for the colony. 

Bees collect pollen in the pollen basket and carry it back to the hive. In the hive, pollen is used as a protein source necessary during brood-rearing.
Insects and Spiders

The facts about butterflies
The life-cycle of a butterfly
Difference between Butterflies & Moths
The facts about ants
The facts about bees
The facts about beetles
The facts about grasshoppers
The facts about pest insects
Interesting facts about insects
The facts about spiders

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