Types of Palm Trees

           
 

Palm Trees

There are roughly 202 currently known genera with around 2600 species, most of which are restricted to tropical, subtropical, and warm temperate climates. Most palms are distinguished by their large, compound, evergreen leaves arranged at the top of an unbranched stem.

Most palms grow in the tropics. They are abundant throughout the tropics, and thrive in almost every habitat therein.

Palms are among the best known and most extensively cultivated plant families. They have been important to humans throughout much of history. Many common products and foods are derived from palms, and palms are also widely used in landscaping for their exotic appearance, making them one of the most economically important plants. .

 

Bangalow Palm or King Palm

Bangalow Palm or King Palm, is an Australian palm. It can grow up to and over 20 metres tall.

Its flower colour is violet and the fruits are round, pea-sized. They become bright red when ripe..

In suitable conditions it can be fairly fast growing, they grow about 1-3 feet per year. The name Bangalow is aboriginal for ‘water carrying basket’

It is propagated from seed. The seeds germinate easily and quickly within 1-3 months.

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Areca palm or Areca nut palm


The areca palm or areca nut palm, a species of palm which grows in much of the tropical Pacific, Asia, and parts of east Africa. The palm is believed to have originated in either Malaysia or the Philippines.Areca is derived from a local name from the Malabar Coast of India and catechu is from another Malay name for this palm, caccu.

It is a medium-sized and graceful palm tree, growing straight to 20 m tall, with a trunk 10-15cm in diameter

This palm is often erroneously called the betel tree because its fruit, the areca nut, is often chewed along with the betel leaf. The seed contains alkaloids such as arecaine and arecoline, which, when chewed, is intoxicating and is also slightly addictive.

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Coconut Palm

While the coconut can be found growing throughout the tropical regions of the world, its center of origin is not exactly known. Fossilized coconuts have been found in New Zealand, and the trees have been cultivated for over 4,000 years in India.

Found across much of the tropics, the coconut is known for its great versatility as seen in the many domestic, commercial, and industrial uses of its different parts.

The oil and milk derived from it are commonly used in cooking and frying; coconut oil is also widely used in soaps and cosmetics. The clear liquid coconut water within is a refreshing drink and can be processed to create alcohol.

A full-sized coconut weighs about 1.44 kilograms (3.2 lb).

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Date Palm

The date palm is a palm in the genus Phoenix, cultivated for its edible sweet fruit. Although its place of origin is unknown because of long cultivation, it probably originated from lands around the Persian Gulf.

It is a medium-sized plant, 15–25 m tall, growing singly or forming a clump with several stems from a single root system.

The leaves are 3–5 m long, with spines on the petiole, and pinnate, with about 150 leaflets; the leaflets are 30 cm long and 2 cm wide. The full span of the crown ranges from 6 to 10 m.

Dates have been a staple food of the Middle East for thousands of years.

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Palmyra Palm

The Asian Palmyra palm, Toddy palm, Sugar palm, or Cambodian palm, is native to South and Southeast Asia, in the Indomalaya ecozone. It is palm tree, one of the Sugar palm group, found from Indonesia to Pakistan.

These are robust trees and can live 100 years or more and reach a height of 30 m. Young palmyra palms grow slowly in the beginning but then grow faster with age.

The leaves of Palmyra palm are used for thatching, mats, baskets, fans, hats, umbrellas, and as writing material.